• Users Online: 62
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 146-151

Review of the correlation between social economic status and oral diseases in India

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dentistry, AIMS, Kochi, Kerala, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Azeezia College of Dental Science and Research, Kollam, Kerala, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chandrashekar Janakiram
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dentistry, AIMS, Ponekkara, Kochi - 682 041, Kerala
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AMJM.AMJM_51_20

Rights and Permissions

Socioeconomic inequalities in oral health can be defined as the differences in the prevalence or incidence of oral health problems. We assessed the pooled estimate of prevalence of oral diseases among different socioeconomic status (SES) in India by including all articles published up to December 2016 with the prevalence of the oral diseases in SES population using the confined research terms in databases of PubMed and Google Scholar. All articles which had assessed the dental caries, periodontal disease, malocclusion, and oral cancer in different socioeconomic groups were collected. Out of 209 articles retrieved, 19 studies were included. The pooled estimate for mean DMFT for upper, middle, and lower SES status was 3.1 (95% confidence interval [CI] 3–3.1), 2.6 (95% CI 2.6–2.9) and 3.05 (95% CI 3.05–3.04). The prevalence of periodontal disease for (upper SES 12 [95% CI 11–12], middle SES 28 [95% CI 28–29] and lower SES status 60 (95% CI 59–60)] and in (Kuppuswamy scale Upper SES 22 [95% CI 21–22], middle SES 24 (95% CI 23–24] lower SES status 28 [95% CI 27–28]). Our analysis shows that the SES was inversely proportional to the oral diseases. There was a minor variation between DMFT between groups which may be attributed to the lack of large number of studies assessing the SES and dental caries. The pooled estimate of the mean DMFT across the SES status was inconsistent.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded225    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal