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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 58-62

A case of idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis masquerading as Tolosa–Hunt syndrome in an elderly female

Department of Medicine, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kizhakkemuriyil S Tony
Department of Medicine, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AMJM.AMJM_12_21

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Idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis (IHCP) is an extremely rare clinical entity of unknown etiology, characterized by a chronic inflammation causing thickening of the dura mater.[1] ICHP can produce similar presentation to Tolosa–Hunt syndrome (THS) if it involves cavernous sinus.[2] THS might represent a focal manifestation of IHCP.[2] The THS is a rare syndrome with an estimated annual incidence of one case per million per year.[3] It typically presents with orbital pain associated with palsy of the third, fourth, or sixth cranial nerve. We present an interesting case of a patient with IHCP associated with THS in an elderly female who responded well to high-dose steroids and in a few days had significant improvement in her retro-orbital pain and ocular movements. The importance of appropriate neuroimaging and serological investigation in patients with suspected THS, role of erythrocyte sedimentation rate in follow-up of these patients, and the relationship between IHCP and THS are discussed.

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