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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 81-85

Approach to hemoptysis: A review


Department of Pulmonary Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh Karmakar
Room No. 330, Pulmonary Medicine OPD, 3rd Floor, New OPD Building, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Phulwari Sharif, Patna, Bihar 801505.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/AMJM.AMJM_35_21

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Hemoptysis is an important and alarming symptom with various etiologies. A thorough evaluation should be done by the clinician to identify the underlying pathology and site of bleeding, so that the appropriate treatment can be planned. In our review article, we describe the various etiologies of hemoptysis and define the approach to hemoptysis for the clinician and the relevant investigations. We performed literature searches in PubMed for keywords “Hemoptysis and Approach and Diagnosis” using Medical Subject Heading terms. The etiology of hemoptysis may sometimes be missed by an incomplete initial diagnosis; hence, the diagnostic work up should be exhaustive. Optimal diagnostic workup remains largely unclear. Through our review, we have described the causes of hemoptysis, provided an essential diagnostic pathway according to the accuracy of the investigations, and tried to fill the gaps regarding the subject.


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